Kotlin VS. Java: Which one is the best choice for 2020?
What is the most significant advantage of Kotlin? Is Kotlin better than Java on developing android apps? Scroll down to get the answers!
As we all know, Java is one of the most widely used programming languages for Android development. But, that entirely doesn't mean that Java is the best choice. No wonders, Java is known as the official programming language for Android development. Yet, it has some limitations. These days, developers are more eager about Kotlin programming language to create android mobile apps. Kotlin is considered as the best alternative to Java. Though there are numerous JVM languages available that can be used in developing android apps, Kotlin offers integration with Android Studio and Google's primary IDE for Android. And this feature is not available in any other language except Java.
Kotlin is a programming language developed by JetBrains, the company behind one of the most popular Java IDEs, IntelliJ Idea.
It is a general-purpose, cross-platform, free, open-source, pragmatic" programming language. It was designed for the JVM (Java Virtual Machine) and android that unites object-oriented and functional programming features. The main focus of Kotlin is on interoperability, safety, clarity, tooling support and many more.
Most significant advantage of Kotlin over Java
Here, in this article, we will discuss the most significant advantage of Kotlin over Java:
It's completely interoperable with Java
One of the most significant advantages of using Kotlin over Java is that it's compatible. Interoperability is indeed the greatest strength of Kotlin. In creating android app development, Kotlin works as a potential alternative to Java. You can use Java and Kotlin both simultaneously in the same project without disturbing any of the other factors.
You just need to add its tools and framework to integrate Kotlin into the project with no need to change Java's entire project.
More Concise than Java
Another reason that makes Kotlin better than Java is that it is more concise. It can solve the same issues with so few lines of code. In Kotlin, developers get benefits from writing, reading, and changing code more efficiently and effectively as it enhances code maintainability and readability. It provides numerous conciseness through features, including type inference, smart casts, data classes, and properties.
As we have already mentioned above that Kotlin is more concise than Java so, it clearly states it has more clear code too. The code of Kotlin was designed to prevent many of the common programming mistakes, which resulted in fewer system failures and application crashes.
There are high chances of certain errors to occur when writing Java, while Kotlin has fewer chances of mistakes as it allows developers to write robust code.
Better Support for Functional Programming
Functional programming is so crucial for Developers to solve numerous tasks quickly and consistently. Though Java has a programing language, Kotlin has much better support for functional programming.
Also, it has inlining that helps developers improve performance, which is currently not possible in Java.
It's Easier to Maintain
One of the best things about Kotlin is that a Java developer can easily understand almost every code without having written a line of Kotlin. It is known as a one-stop language for all kind of application development. It supports numerous IDEs, along with Android Studio. With the help of IDE and compiler, it is quite easy for developers to handle the basics of the language.
Therefore, you are free to utilize its tools to a full extent that you're comfortable with to scale the codebase for further advancements. This is definitely one of the most significant advantages of Kotlin over Java.
Kotlin code is safer and more concise than Java code, and Kotlin and Java files can coexist in Android apps so that Kotlin is useful for new apps and for expanding existing Java apps.